Horticulture Overview

Indian horticulture sector contributes about 33% to the agriculture Gross Value Added (GVA) making very significant contribution to the Indian economy. Apart from ensuring nutritional security of the nation, it provides alternate rural employment opportunities, diversification in farm activities, and enhanced income to farmers. India is currently producing about 320.48 million tones of horticulture produce which has surpassed the food grain production, that too from much less area (25.66 million Ha. for horticulture against 127.6 M. ha. for food grains). Productivity of horticulture crops is much higher compared to productivity of food grains (12.49 tones/ha against 2.23 tones/ha.). India has emerged as world leader in the production of a variety of fruits like mango, banana, guava, papaya, sapota, pomegranate, Lime & aonla and is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables. Besides, India has maintained its dominance in the production of spices, coconut and cashewnut. Among the new crops, kiwi, gherkins, kinnow, date palm and oil palm have been successfully introduced for commercial cultivation in the country. Launch of National Horticulture Mission has spurred the production and productivity of horticultural crops. Productivity of horticulture crops has increased by about 38.5% between 2004-05 and 2021-22(3rd Advance Estimate). Increase in demand for horticultural produce due to greater health awareness, rising income, export demands and increasing population poses the challenge for further increasing the production and productivity of horticultural crops. The issue of climate change has thrown up greater uncertainties and risks, further imposing constraints on production systems.

Mission For Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)

Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme, launched from 1st April 2014, for the holistic growth of the horticulture sector covering fruits, vegetables, root & tuber crops, mushrooms, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, coconut, cashew, cocoa and bamboo. While Government of India (GOI) contributes 60% of total outlay for developmental programmes in all the states except the states in North East and Himalayas in which 90% contribution is from GOI. In case of Union Territories 100% fund is contributed by central government.
Click to View MIDH Portal

National Bee Board (NBB)

National Bee Board (NBB) is a registered society which was re-constituted under the chairmanship of Secretary (AC & FW) in June, 2006 by the Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (DAC & FW), Government of India. The main objective of NBB is overall development of beekeeping by promoting scientific beekeeping in the country, to increase the productivity of crops through pollination support and production of honey, and other beehive products to increase the income of farmers/beekeepers. NBB is one of the National Level Agencies (NLAs) under Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH). NBB has also been designated as a Nodal Agency for promotion of scientific beekeeping in the country. Presently, the main thrust of NBB is setting up of Integrated Beekeeping Development Centres (IBDCs)/Centres of Excellence (CoEs) on beekeeping, at least one in each State.
Click to view NBB Portal

Coconut Development Board (CDB)

The Coconut Development Board was formed under the Coconut Development Act, 1979 and came into existence on 12th January, 1981 to look after the Integrated Development of Coconut. CDB is having 4 regional offices, 5 State Centres and 10 DSP farms in different parts of the country.
The thrust areas identified by the CDB programmes under MIDH are: production and distribution of quality planting material, expansion of area under coconut cultivation especially in potential and non-traditional areas, improving the productivity of coconut in major coconut producing states, developing technology in post-harvest processing and marketing activities, product diversification and by-product utilization of coconut for value addition.

National Horticulture Board (NHB)

The National Horticulture Board (NHB) was established in the year 1984 by the Government of India as an autonomous organization and registered as a society with the Registrar of Firms and Societies, with its headquarters in Gurgaon and 36 field offices located all over the country. The broad aims and objectives of the Board are the creation of production hubs for commercial horticulture development, post harvest infrastructure and cold chain facilities, promotion of new horticultural crops, and promotion of horticultural growers’ associations.

Directorate of Cashewnut & Cocoa Development (DCCD),Kochi

The Directorate of Cashewnut and Cocoa Development is the subordinate office under Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare and is the nodal agency for Cashew and Cocoa development in India. This was established in the year 1966 for the promotion of cashew cultivation in the country and later promotion of Cocoa was also entrusted to this Directorate in the year 1997. The Directorate promotes cashew and cocoa development in various states in association with development departments, Corporations, Research Institutes, local Panchayats and processing industries. The Directorate intensively undertakes transfer of technology programmes for the benefits of farming community in association with all the players involved in the cashew and cocoa sector in the country.
Click to view DCCD Portal

Central Institute of Horticulture, Medziphema (CIH), Nagaland

Central Institute of Horticulture was established in the year 2006 for the holistic development of horticulture sector in the North East Region. Located at Medziphema, Nagaland about 30 km from Dimapur city and 44 km from the capital city Kohima, the institute spreads over an area of 43.50 hectare. The main thrust areas of the institute are refinement and demonstration of identified technologies pertaining to the region, nursery accreditation, conducting skill development programmes, production and supply of quality seed and planting material, training and capacity building of extension officers and farmers on different aspects of horticulture development including organic farming, post harvest management, processing, value addition, marketing and agribusiness promotion.

Directorate of Arecanut & Spices Development (DASD), Calicut

Directorate of Arecanut and Spices Development which was established on 1st April, 1966 is a subordinate office under Horticulture Division of Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers welfare, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare. The Directorate is situated in the City of Calicut in Kerala, where Vasco- da-Gama first landed searching for spices. The Directorate undertakes National level development programmes in spices, arecanut, betel vine and aromatic crops to promote improved technologies to augment the production and productivity of spices produced in the country. The Directorate also coordinate the development programmes implementing by various Government agencies. It is a nodal agency to collect, compile and disseminate area and production data at National level on spices and arecanut. Directorate is also entrusted with the accreditation of spice nurseries to improve the quality of planting material distributed through various nurseries across the country.
Click to view DASD Portal


Research and Developmental Initiatives for Achieving the Goal of IYFV
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